Did you know that periodontal disease is both one of the most commonly diagnosed and most commonly untreated disease in dogs and cats? It is caused by the buildup of bacteria in the mouth that then develops into calculus (tarter). Eventually, more plaque will buildup over the calculus and the pH level of the mouth will change, allowing bacteria to survive under the gum tissue.
Periodontal disease is graded into four levels: Stages 1 through 4 – depending on the amount of calculus development and tooth decay noted upon a thorough oral exam. When the mouth is left untreated, the bacteria will continue to produce under the gum tissue and can create deeper pockets through bone destruction. This can lead to tooth decay, tooth loss, and systemic disease- affecting the heart, kidneys, and lung function.
Learn more about periodontal disease and how you can provide the best dental health care for your pet by clicking here .